For this assignment, you will write a 4 to 5 page long (double spaced) paper providing an overview of the role of the discipline of project management in today’s global economy. Well-written papers will provide a complete, yet concise overview of the topic and address all the key points outlined below in the assignment details. This paper is a good opportunity for you to begin developing a strong grasp of the important role that project management plays globally and understand your own position relative to the industry.
Due Date: By Sunday (end of week) at 11:59pm Eastern (ET)
This paper is directly linked to the following key learning outcomes from the course syllabus:
· Defining and distinguishing between projects, programs, and portfolios
· Describing the importance of project management
· Describing the effect of organizational structure on project management
· Using the PMI Project Management Framework
· Describing the various frameworks that can be utilized for development (waterfall or agile etc.)
In addition to these key learning outcomes, you will also have the opportunity to evidence the following skills through completing this assignment:
· Ability to follow APA 6 writing guidelines
· Evidence a global perspective
· Reflect on your own position relative to the discipline of project management
· Critically analyze those factors that make project management relevant in today’s global economy
For this assignment, you need to write a 4 to 5 page paper that answers the following key topical questions:
· What is the role of project management in today’s professional environment? Be sure to speak to your own experience within a broader national and global context.
· Why has project management become, and why does it continue to be a primary lens or means of accomplishing work within most organizational settings globally?
· What is the role of projects, programs, and portfolios within most organizational settings, and what is the linkage between these and an organization’s strategic plan and direction?
· How might different organizational structures affect how projects are executed, and how does project management adapt within these differing organizational contexts?
· What are the variations between different frameworks, such as agile or waterfall, and what are the benefits that each brings to the development process?
Please note that these are prompts for you to address within your paper. Your paper should be written as an essay with topical headers; it should not be formatted in a Q&A format according to the above questions. These questions represent the minimal items that you would want to address. From your readings and your lectures, you will be exposed to other topics that may be relevant to the paper, and you would do well to consider those in writing the essay. Additionally, you are required to cite at least two sources outside the course materials in writing this paper. See the announcements for this course for tips on researching articles and writing APA formatted citations. As part of my evaluation process (see attached rubric), papers which cite peer reviewed sources as opposed to general websites or articles are considered a higher quality of source.
Below are some key guidelines you will want to ensure you follow in writing the paper. Think of this list as a quality control checklist, along with the attached grading rubric.
· Paper is 4 to 5 pages (double spaced) in length
· Use the attached template to start writing your paper
. Include a title page and reference listing, but do not count your title page and reference listing as part of the 3-4 pages of content we are expecting.
. You do not need to include an abstract. However, a short introduction paragraph and a final conclusion paragraph at the end would be very helpful to the reader…and a way to earn you a higher grade.
· Paper format complies with APA 6 guidelines
. If you are unfamiliar with APA 6 guidelines, please review the following link: https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/general_format.html
. Also, you will find additional resources listed in the syllabus and announcements (several videos are available for you to view)
· No more than 15 percent of paper is comprised of outside sources or direct quotes
· Paper fully addresses the five topical questions listed above
· Paper is not written in a Question and Answer format, but makes appropriate use of headers and formating in compliance with APA 6 guidelines
· Paper evidences a global perspective
· Paper evidences reflection of the individual author relative to the broader discipline
· Paper is free of grammatical errors
· Paper is submitted by DUE DATE using the Week 1 Paper assignment link below these instructions.
Overall, before you turn in your paper, ask yourself this question: would you submit this paper to your boss or your project sponsor? If not, you may have some formatting and/or cleaning up of the document to do.
Please be sure to review the attached rubric that I will be using to grade the assignment. It along with these assignment instructions will ensure you have a solid understanding of the paper requirements.
That is my writing about wk 1
Week 1: Role of Project Management in Today’s Economy
Project management has been a source of the effective allocation of resources and in-time completion of the objectives. The organizations are working for the right decision at the right time. A project is the temporary working for the undertaking to create a different service, product or the result and it is collection of time management, planning, team working, leadership and budget management where the individuals in team can understand the project scope and their responsibilities being team member. The project targets must be accomplished in process of understanding the success of projects in accordance with customer expectation’ fulfilment. It has made the project management a sign of accomplishment of organizational objectives whereas sustaining the core customers of any organization. This study will provide evidence for role of project managers in global level success of the organizations and projects.
Nowadays the business environment has been more dynamic as well as challenging due to the rapid variation in the globalization and technology, whereas it has been more crucial as compared to the organizations for the commitment, the right decision making at right time and actions for staying competitive in the industry competition for achieving organizational goals (Institute, 2017). The organizations like the one I am working in are bringing up by the proper allocation of resources, planning, optimal solutions and the budgeting.
For this type of the management of organizations, there must be understanding of role that can be played by project management in the business, how it can be supportive and placing it as the core process in organizations (Kerzner & Kerzner, 2017). Being a project manager, I can state that all of the departments are interlinked with project management that makes them contingent for success. The greater the organization is at managing projects, the higher there will be surety for success of all departments in organization. The agile methodology is also one of best methods to control the risks of projects.
Project management career has already been a solid foundation for their tools, processes and methods. The Project management has attained the remarkable level of performance and most of organization select it up to some extent the PMBOK guide principles, IPMA or PRINCE2. Most of project managers possess some certifications formally in their profession (Kerzner, 2018). Global projects encompass team members from different cultures and organizations speaking different languages and spread across different time periods and countries. All of these can contribute to quality of project and team success whereas adding challenges to PMOs, program managers, project itself and team. Following are dimensions of global project management.
Global project management is based upon changes in the organizations for project manager attitude, program, services and practices of PMO and for the methods of communication and collaboration of team members. To provide support for this process, the framework practices are accumulated in the five major categories, each showing an element derived from theories of organizational change (Swink, 2005). The global communication, global team management, collaborative tools, global organizations and collaborative techniques are those five elements. Global project management provides solution for team management through global team leadership, cross-cultural collaboration, trust, and coaching and conflict resolution.
Projects can be explained as the starting and ending dates. There is a time limit when there is no existence of project that can be before start and after project ending. This is a key for identification of piece of work as the project. The projects in my organization are encompassing the finite budget, defined scope as well as assigned resources. Another major term associated with the projects is that they are always constructing something. The projects are methods of creating the new things. If one is finding that all one is going through is meeting, them there is no working on projects. Projects are linked with deliverables in our organization. Project must be managed in proactive way (Caputo et al., 2013).
Programs on the other hand are linked with the large level of projects. The smaller level of projects are easy for management, planning and successful finishing. The problems however, with the distribution of work in small projects is that all of projects are taking their own decision making strategy that is effective for the project itself but not for large level completion of target. The objective of the program in our organization is providing central control as well as management over the set of sub-classes of projects that are striving for a common objective (Müller, Martinsuo, & Blomquist, 2008). The program permits the projects for achieving a common benefit that will be hindrance in each project for independent achievement.
Portfolios have been deemed as the collections of different tasks and working. The portfolios are considering not only projects but also the operations, support and other forms of work as well. The organization is considering managers for portfolio management. The projects are approved, initiated and prioritized at this level. The active portfolio projects are governed, staffed, supported and monitored in this stage. The projects and programs are selected, proposed and executed at this stage (Too & Weaver, 2014). They are building the link of the organization for a strategic planning and benefit of the organizations. The directions are clear with defining these three elements.
Organizational structure is method of organizational hierarchy and chain of command. The different organizational structures can lead to various needs in project completion and processing. First organizational structure is functional. These firms are organized in the divisions of functions on the basis of core functions. The independent operations of division provides allocation and monitoring of work by functional managers (Danilovic & Browning, 2007). The second one is matrix organizational structured in which responsibilities are shared for projects. These responsibilities encompass the tasks and priorities assignment with final decision linked to functional managers. The organization of work and allocation is linked with project managers. Last major type of organizational structure is projected. In this way, the full authority will be given to project managers. This is common is long term projects, sizeable projects and construction companies.
Agile frameworks and Waterfall are different in proposing the new solutions for projects. In my organization, the software development process was disbursed in the various phases for waterfall modeling whereas the agile methodologies were based upon the lifecycle of project development in different sprints. The waterfall methodology is used in some projects when the project can be completed as the single project whereas the agile methodology can be deemed as the collection of different projects which targets the iterations of different software’s (Balaji & Murugaiyan, 2012).
Summing it up, there can be more than one solutions for any complexity. The project management can be deemed as the single level of solution for focal point of the resources management. The collection of different processes, programs and the people to work for a single aim is clear identification of objectives for a project manager. This study highlighted the role of project manager in terms of its necessary actions and reactions. The model for the project management global level role has also been displayed. The agile and waterfall methodologies have also been identified and detailed in this study.
Balaji, S., & Murugaiyan, M. S. (2012). Waterfall vs. V-Model vs. Agile: A comparative study on SDLC. International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management, 2(1), 26-30.
Caputo, M., Smith, S., Wilson, S., Martin, C., Putonti, E. A., Pidun, L., . . . Lee, M. E. (2013). Method of and system for managing projects, programs and portfolios throughout the project lifecycle: Google Patents.
Danilovic, M., & Browning, T. R. (2007). Managing complex product development projects with design structure matrices and domain mapping matrices. International journal of project management, 25(3), 300-314.
Institute, P. M. (2017). A guide to the project management body of knowledge: Project Management Institute.
Kerzner, H. (2018). Project management best practices: Achieving global excellence: John Wiley & Sons.
Kerzner, H., & Kerzner, H. R. (2017). Project management: a systems approach to planning, scheduling, and controlling: John Wiley & Sons.
Müller, R., Martinsuo, M., & Blomquist, T. (2008). Project portfolio control and portfolio management performance in different contexts. Project management journal, 39(3), 28-42.
Swink, M. (2005). Exploring new product innovation types and performance: the roles of project leadership, functional influences, and design integration. International Journal of Product Development, 1(3-4), 241-260.
Too, E. G., & Weaver, P. (2014). The management of project management: A conceptual framework for project governance. International Journal of Project Management, 32(8), 1382-1394.
Overall, you kind of answer all the questions requested in the assignment, but there are few things to look for in your next assignment:
1. The paper reads (especially on the first two pages) as a set of sentences running together, with multiple un-related concepts in the same paragraphs. Because it was disjointed, as a reader, it made it hard to try and read and interpret what you were attempting to say.
Recommendation: Have a peer read it or someone from university writing services – someone from outside your class. If they can clearly understand your paper, it’s good to go. But, they may have some feedback to help streamline and organize your paper a bit better.
2. Be sure to double space the entire paper, including the References at the end.
Week 1 discussion:
Instruction: Based upon the course readings and lecture material, please respond to the following prompts in your initial posting:
1. Why you are studying Project Management? For example, I am studying Project Management to further shape my career goals and to accomplish them more effectively and efficiently in a planned manner. I hope project management will shape my career path and tune me into perfection.
2. Identify three areas of knowledge that you would like to improve in terms of your Project Management skill set. For example, would you like to know more about influencing others, negotiation, risk management?
3. How will this program enable you to achieve you Professional goals: For example, I believe that the Project Management Practices, Scope Management, Risk Management and Negotiation skills will entirely nurture me into a professional aiming for a better Strategies for Development Projects in a Medical device or a Pharmaceutical Industry.
Please note: I expect a minimum of 2 -3 paragraphs for your initial post complete with external references. Be sure to cite using the proper APA formatting.
Your two follow-up response postings are expected to be at least a full paragraph using cited material.
My writing about wk 1 dis:
There are five different reasons those urged me to study the project management. The first one is working smarter rather than working harder. This is time of working smart, finding the short cuts and simplifying the complexities. The second one is improvement in the chances of achieving the desired outcomes. The goals without the planning are just wishes in the time. The people will know exactly that what they are wishing to achieve and precisely the way to be there. Gaining competitive advantage and being unique is my third urge. The quality of work will be enhanced. The skills will be achieved by this in a growing industry of construction, healthcare, engineering and many more (INSTITUTE, 2017, p. 25).
The second major thing of the consideration is main three points to be learnt by this course. I will surely have the course learning in the mode of communication, team management and the quality management. The communication can be verbal and non-verbal in nature whereas I will be willing for the challenges management in the long run to achieve best through communication and quality management (INSTITUTE, 2017, p. 25).
The professional growth is an inevitable part of study and future learning. I will take much from the risk management part of this course to my study as well as future working environment (INSTITUTE, 2017, p. 25). I will also look for the change management through considering the most important and least important projects in the situation. The likelihood of the events and risks will decide the way we will act towards any action.
INSTITUTE, P. M. (2017). A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (6th ed.). Newton Square, PA: PROJECT MANAGEMENT INST.