GLOBAL EPIDEMIOLOGY POLICIES AND PROGRAMS

Name: _______________________________

GLOBAL EPIDEMIOLOGY POLICIES AND PROGRAMS

604.604.86

SWOT Analysis Worksheet

Program/Policy Name:

Specific Geographic

Region:

National Regional Global

Program/Policy

Description:

Desired End Objective:

Why is this specific

program/policy

important?

(3-4 sentences):

STRENGTHSAvailability of resources: In Afghanistan, efforts put into place by the relevant programs will increase resource allocations. The program will utilize these existing resources and will also seek financial and administrative support from the international organizations such as World Health Organization, World Organization for Animal Health, Food and Agriculture Organization, Afghan National Public Health Institute, Health Protection and Research Organization, General Directorate of Animal Health and Production and Dutch Committee for Afghanistan (One Health Network, 2012).Passion: In-country partners especially, the local community health representatives have a desire to help and contribute towards the overall health for their communities. Thus, members efforts are worth and they stand together to acquire a statewide impact (Wallace, Braden, & Gregory, 2002).Information sharing: Availability of information infrastructure and sharing will facilitate effective communication among teams to determine appropriate means of mitigation measures for the prevention program.Access to data: The program will have access to the existing outbreak and surveillance data through Health information systems of Public and Animal health ministries that can support the program on the prevention strategies of the disease.Existence of laboratories: The program will utilize existing public and animal health laboratories to conduct experiments and research on the effective ways of reducing Brucellosis disease exposure and prevention measures.Diversity: The program consists of individuals with different background, skills and from different regions, hence, their expertise, resources and experiences will be utilize by the program.WEAKNESSESInadequate guidance and coordination efforts: Coordination of individual from the partner ministries will be necessary to the progress and success of the program. The program is likely to experience lack of coordination and guidance as balancing leadership is difficult for people coming from different areas.Lack of adequate staff with particular enteric disease prevention expertise: The program will experience lack of specific disease expertise since handling the problem requires technical expertise (Akbarian et al., 2015).Incomplete analysis of data: Analysis and studies conducted can focus on a particular area, which could result in failure to address the same initiative in other required areas. The program will need analysis from different area of the country that need by the group for a comprehensive intervention in the whole country as identified.Political interference: The country often experience political instability and war, which may affect the program from succeeding.Competing demand: Members in the programs are individuals working in other organization with different mandates. The program is likely to experience limited time, space and money to schedules for the Program.
OPPORTUNITIESGrowing interest in surveillance efforts and prevention measures: the group involved will increase awareness of the problem and combined efforts on surveillance as well as prevention strategies such as identified vaccines for the disease (Akbarian et al., 2015).Possibility of funding: the group has high chances of receiving financial support from WHO and other Organization such as FAO and OIE due to their efforts in reducing the incidence of infectious pathogens (Zoonotic Diseases).New Communication Channels: Advanced technology hence in new communication channels such as use of social networks including Twitter and Facebook. Use of New communication channels helps in information sharing more frequently than use of face-to-face communication strategies.Advanced researches on management and preventions of the disease: the availability of standard laboratories will increase advanced researches on the disease of prevention measures of Brucellosis.Partnership: The program has the likelihood of engaging in partnership with several international health organizations.THREATSDevelopment of other surveillance and programs with duplicated goals: Successful intervention of the programs may result to other organizations developing with a similar goal hence begin to compete for the surveillance.High turnover of the participants: Due to the cultural impacts, members from the different organizations will likely to enforce their personal views to be embrace by the program. In cases there are not listen to, they are likely to withdraw from the program.Relatively low emphasis on funding as compared to other major programs: the Government is likely to focus on other major programs before funding the intervention hence the groups will encounter economic hardships.Economic hard times: In case of strains in the economy the country will hinder the attainment of the goal of the programs.Access to education of Brucellosis disease: Zoonotic diseases awareness programs often fail to reach specific groups thus making it difficult for the prevention and surveillance programs.

References

Akbarian, Z., Ziay, G., Schauwers, W., Noormal, B., Saeed, I., Qanee, A. H., … Jackson, R. (2015). Brucellosis and Coxiella burnetii Infection in Householders and Their Animals in Secure Villages in Herat Province, Afghanistan: A Cross-Sectional Study. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases9(10), 1-17.

One Health Network. (2012). Afghanistan: Brucellosis, Q Fever and CCHF Project. Retrieved February 5, 2019, from One Health Network: http://www.onehealthnetwork.asia/sites/afghanistan-brucellosis-project

Wallace, M., Braden, R., & Gregory, C. (2002). Endemic Infectious Diseases of Afghanistan. Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol 34 (5), S171-S207.

Early detection and Prevention of Brucellosis Disease among the Public/Animal Community Health Workers in Afghanistan.

Afghanistan

X

Brucellosis is an important zoonotic disease that has significant impacts in human and animal health, in human population the disease causes orchitis, epididymis and endocarditis and infertility, repeat breeding, retention of placenta and abortion in animals. The proposed program aims to mitigate and prevent Brucellosis infection among targeted populations in Afghanistan.

To prevent and control Brucellosis infection among the public/animal community health workers in Afghanistan.

The program will strengthen early warning systems and improve disease prevention in Afghanistan. The preventative strategies will help minimize the spread of infectious disease within the public/animal health populations. Thus, reducing the incidence of the infectious pathogens in nature as well as reducing the incidence of zoonotic diseases in Afghanistan. Moreover, the program can support stability and security by increasing animal production and yield, which enhances food security and economic stability. Stable populations are more resistant to coercion.

INTERNAL FACTORS

EXTERNAL FACTORS